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Sabrina Bulleri

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    In an area owing the main naturalistic peculiarities of the Estate of San Rossore, the Park Authority realized a tour pathway following accessibility criteria. The pathway is dedicated to the memory of Sabrina Bulleri, an employee of the Park Authority prematurely dead in 2000.

    In spite of her disability, she got important nationwide and worldwide sports results. She was awarded several times at the Olympics in Los Angeles (1984) and the ones in Seoul (1988). In 1986 she set the 100 metres world record.

    The pathway stretches on a soil whose morphology highlights dunal reliefs and depressed areas, as the Buca delle Ghiande, and allows the settlement of microenvironments diversified in living and non-living components. Here there are the arboreal species prevailing in San Rossore: the hygrophilous species wood, the mesophytic species mixed wood and the typical wood of the dunes.

    The ecosystem, so variegated and rich in biodiversity, lends itself to value the historic evolution of the specific area (as for example, the formation dynamics of dunes and of their evolution, the changes carried out by anthropization and the ones caused by climatic changes of far geological areas, which make the whole park a unique environment in the Mediterranean) and to detect the relationships with the surrounding ecosystems in order to allow the exploration of San Rossore in a wider dimension.

    The interventions aimed at the realization of accessibility eliminated obstacles and barriers and increased the opportunities of a multisensorial fruition of nature. For the most part of its extension, the pathway presents a wood handrail (height 80-90 centimetres) and a bottom (about 150 centimetres wide) made compact through the spreading of a metal net. Along the layout you will meet embossed informative signs, amplification devices for the sounds of the wood and devices for the pictures enlargement, a lay-by provided with tables (the door is 112 centimetres wide, the washbasin is 76 centimetres high), and finally, passing through a ramp (130 centimetres wide and 6,60 metres high), a faunal observatory (the door is 130 centimetres wide, two opening lines 90 and 145 centimetres high).

    The pathway has been realized not to have an invasive impact on the natural environment and therefore it requires a continuous maintenance to avoid nature from regaining it.

    Free entrance on Sundays and public holidays, on the other days you need to contact the Visitor Center San Rossore (050/530101) to be accompanied by a guide.

    The pathway "Sabrina Bulleri" is available for everybody: along its smooth way there are some thematic areas for a different and reasoned approach to nature through some of our senses, which are "stimulated" by appropriate facilities.

    The faunal observatory
    From this small hut built with natural materials it is possible to observe, without bothering it, the fauna frequenting the reserve of the Paduletto.

    Equipped lay-by
    You will find here all you need for a pleasant break or in case of emergency, such as the toilet (accessible for everybody) and drinking water. To keep it enjoyable for people coming after you (or for yourself when you will come back), please don't dirty it!

    Along the way some wood stubs have been spread around which report the distances.

    The touch - Soft and stiff leaves
    The initial stretch of the way separates two different wooded zones: on the right the mesophilic wood (moister), dominated by majestic English oaks; on the left, the xerophil wood (drier), dominated by strong Holm-oaks.
    Both are oaks, but very different:

    • The Holm-oak is evergreen: an ingenious adaptation to the Mediterranean climate. It can take advantage from winter rains and, in the dry summer, the coriaceous (waxy cuticles) minimize the strong evaporation.
    • The English Oak loses its leaves in winter, being more suitable for humid climates with cold winters. Being softer and not waxy cuticle-covered, its leaves transpire more water in summer.

    The acorns too are different: the acorn of the English oak is generally more stretched and hanged on the branch through a long stalk, while the acorn of the Holm-oak is more rounded and the stalk is short.

    The hearing: a sound for every season

    During the different seasons it is possible to listen to partially different sounds because many animals migrate but, in general, because in temperate climates the reproductive functions (to which a lot of sound expressions are connected) are seasonal.
    For sure, when we speak about sounds in the animal world we think, in particular, about birds. Nevertheless insects too (as well as orthopterans – grasshoppers, crickets and such) and amphibians in the order Anura (toads, tree frogs, green frogs, European green toads etc.) in the good weather use their songs mainly with reproductive functions.
    What are sounds for?
    Among the foliages of the trees, as well as among the foliages of the Maquis, the sound represents the most effective signal to contact one's neighbor as well as to make a stranger know he is invading a "property".
    The property, however, signaled, for example, by a small songbird is useful if it is also able to attract a mate through its call; it has to demonstrate to have and defend enough resources for reproduction. So, the two main functions communicate, delimiting the presence of their territory and attracting a mate (or mates if it is polygamist).
    The facility installed at the sound area is used to listen to the noises among the high branches which are not audible on the ground.

    The sight: the meaning of colours
    To hide out or to scare...
    Colours are made to be seen closely. They have a daytime and short-distance communication meaning.
    The birds feathers
    The colours are made up of chemical pigments or optic phenomena due to the keratin structures of the feathers. So, the white, grey and black colours of the seagulls are due to the presence of increasing quantities of melanin. The red colour is due to the carotenina taken with the diet; in the case of the flamingo it is taken through the eating of crustaceans. Finally, the blue colour of the European roller is the result of complex refraction and reflection plays of the feathers physical structure.
    The facility installed at the colours area allows to test the peculiarity of the visual perception.

    For further information on the accessibility in the Park visit the related Section.



    Pathway Sabrina Bulleri
    Pathway Sabrina Bulleri