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History and Purposes

After ups and downs and a long political, social and cultural development (similar to other realities on the national scene), Migliarino, San Rossore, Massaciuccoli Natural Park is established by the Tuscan Regional Law n. 61, December 13, 1979.

The complexity and difficulty of managing a Park have generated over time the need for this task to be entrusted to an independent body, that is released from the bond (or veto) of other administrations, entrusting it the principal task of managing quite independently the Park, from both a political and economic financial standpoint, from the organization to the services, from controls to the drafting of plans and regulations from promotion and environmental education to the vigilance in the area.

In the early '90s indeed, with the advent of Law 142 of 8 June 1990 (Regulations of local authorities) and the Law 394, 6 December 1991 (Outline Law on protected areas), a new scenario opens that leads to the suppression of the Consortium and the establishment of the Migliarino, San Rossore, Massaciuccoli Regional Park Authority.

The Regional Law 24 of 16 March 1994 set up (according to Art. 23 of Law n. 394/1991) the Public Body called "Migliarino, San Rossore, Massaciuccoli Regional Park Authority". The establishment of the Park Authority followed the reform of Local Governments, which took place by Law n. 142/1990; this law was aimed at a greater normative, organizational and administrative autonomy of local authorities. On the wake of these reforms, the Tuscany Regional Authority has established a body (ie, a public juridical person, the holder of legal situations), which while maintaining an action of regional control, could manage and administer its own territory, with the involvement of the Local Authorities concerned. The indexes for the recognition of a public body in the experience of this Park Authority are the following:

  1. Constitution on public initiative (regional law);
  2. A system of checks (state and regional);
  3. Interference of the State and other administrations in the appointment of leaders;
  4. An institutional public funding.

The relevant legislation applicable to the Park Authority, by analogy, is therefore the one of local governments.

The financial, technical and administrative managing, including taking all actions and decisions that commit the administration to the outside (except those expressly reserved to the Board of Directors by law and/or by statute) appertains to the Director, through autonomous spending powers and powers of organization of human, material and control resources, with respect to the determinations of the President and the orientations of the Board. The Director is responsible for the management and results; he exercises the powers of expenditure within the limits of budgetary allocations; he promotes and resists to litigations in court and has the corresponding powers to conciliate and compromise; he is engaged in the managing of union and work relationships; he coordinates and monitors the activities of those responsible for administrative procedures. The figure of the Director, as well as its appointment and duties, are set out in articles 21 and 22 of the Statute and art. n. 12 of the establishing law 24/1994.

Purposes of the Park Authority

The Purposes of the Park Authority are clearly expressed by art. 2 of the Statute: "The Park Authority is pursuing the realization of the objectives set by the laws, and the protection of the environmental and historic characteristics of the coast of Pisa and Lucca, depending on the social use of such values. It promotes scientific research and naturalistic didactics, as well as environmental education and training, and the promotion of local economic activities, with particular reference to the execution of duties delegated to the Park Authority by the Tuscany Regional Authority".