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Designations

The extraordinariness of natural environments represented by the Park has been recognized by many systems of "certification" and regulations on nature protection.

International
European
  • Area awarded with the European Diploma of Protected Areas since 2005
    It is a form of certification of protected areas of the Council of Europe. This diploma certifies, with a monitoring mechanism of the management goals over the time, the quality and importance of ecosystems and of their management.
    For further information see the in-depth page (in Italian)
  • Sites of Community Importance (Directive 92/43/EEC "Habitats" and subsequent amendments).
    It is the directive that governs the nature conservation policy of the European Union. This is done also through the establishment of specific areas, the Sites of Community Importance (SCI), which, together with Special Protection Areas (see below), form the Natura 2000 network.
  • Special Protection Areas (Directive 2009/147/CE)       
    The first European Union directive that has governed the policy for conservation of nature through the Protection of Birds (Directive 79/409/EEC replaced by Directive 2009/147/CE) and the most important areas for their breeding, feeding, resting and migration. These areas are known as Special Protection Areas (SPA) and they are also an integral part of the Natura 2000 Network.
  • The Basin of Massaciuccoli is also classified as a Nitrate Vulnerable Zone (Regional Council Resolution No 172/2006). Those areas are areas that discharge directly or indirectly nitrogen compounds of agricultural or zootechnical origin in already polluted waters or which may be a result of these types of discharges that provide for specific regulations to get control of these pollutants. This legislation stems from Directive 91/676/EEC.
National
  • Protected Area under the Outline Law on Protected Areas (L.N. 394/91) and the Tuscany Region L.R. 49/1995
    The Law of 6 December 1991, n. 394 sets out the basic principles for the establishment and management of protected natural areas, in order to ensure and promote, in a coordinated manner, the preservation and enhancement of the natural heritage of the country. The natural heritage is constituted by physical, geological, geomorphological and biological formations, or groups of them, which have naturalistic and environmental significant value. The territories in which these values are present, especially if vulnerable, are subject to a special system of protection and management. The aim is to achieve, in particular, the following purposes:
    a_ conservation of animal and plant species, of plant associations or forestry, of geological singularity, of paleontological formations, of biological communities, biotopes, scenic and panoramic values, of natural processes, of hydraulic and hydrogeological balances, of ecological balances;
    b_ application of methods of management or environmental restoration suitable to achieve integration between man and the natural environment, including through the protection of the anthropological, archaeological, historical and architectural values and of the agro-forestry-pastoral and traditional activities;
    c_ promotion of education and formation activities and of research activities, also interdisciplinary, as well as recreational compatible activities;
    d_ defence and rebuilding of hydraulic and hydrogeological balances.
  • Hydrogeological constraint
    For further information see the in-depth page.
  • Area subject to landscape protection
    For further information see the in-depth page.
Regional
  • Sites of Regional Importance (LR 56/2000 and its amendments.)       
    It is the law governing the policy of the conservation of biodiversity in Tuscany. This is also done through the establishment of specific areas, the Sites of Regional Significance (SIR) that, in the case of the M.S.R.M. Regional Park, coincide with the SIC and/or SPA. In all these areas, specific standards of management are applied through appropriate minimum conservation measures, regulations (which may involve specific Management Plans) and the Incidence assessments of Plans and Projects.

NameNatura 2000 Code
SICZPSSIRExtent (ha)
Pisa Forest (Selva Pisana)IT5160002***9658,34
Lake and marsh of MassaciuccoliIT5120021***1908,01
Maquis of LuccaIT5120016***403,27
Coastal dunes of Torre del LagoIT5170001***121,74
TOTALE    12091,36

Source: Schede Natura 2000 at the sites of the Ministry of Environment (in Italian) and the Tuscany Region (in Italian) and D.G.R. of Tuscany 644/2004.

In-depth sections:
Habitats Directive
Hydrogeological constraint
Landscape constraint